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基于深度神经网络的数据驱动潮流计算异常误差改进策略
作者:
作者单位:

输配电装备及系统安全与新技术国家重点实验室(重庆大学),重庆市 400044

摘要:

在考虑不确定性的N-1安全校核、可靠性计算等需大规模重复潮流计算的场景中,基于深度神经网络(DNN)的数据驱动方法存在部分潮流变量误差异常的问题,影响潮流越限判别的准确率。对此,首先通过理论推导,分析DNN参数更新过程及数据标准化原理,发现该问题的重要成因之一为:DNN仅根据标准化误差迭代训练模型,未计及潮流变量的真实学习误差及工程实际的精度要求,无法及时针对误差异常的潮流变量调整DNN参数。然后,面向潮流计算提出基于动态学习权重的DNN自适应训练方法。该方法通过每轮迭代中验证集的真实学习误差、越限误判率及误差统计指标,确定各潮流变量的学习权重,有效降低数据驱动潮流计算的异常误差。最后,在IEEE标准算例和Polish 2383节点系统上仿真验证了所提方法的有效性。

关键词:

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(52077016);重庆市自然科学基金资助项目(cstc2020jcyj-msxmX0315);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2020CDJ-LHZZ-079)。

通信作者:

作者简介:

雷江龙(1995—),男,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:电力系统分析、深度学习。E-mail:543306156@qq.com
余娟(1980—),女,通信作者,博士,教授,主要研究方向:电力与能源经济优化运行、风险评估、深度学习。E-mail:148454745@qq.com
向明旭(1994—),男,博士研究生,主要研究方向:电力系统运行优化与分析、深度学习。E-mail:467972447@qq.com


Improvement Strategy for Abnormal Error of Data-driven Power Flow Calculation Based on Deep Neural Network
Author:
Affiliation:

State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology (Chongqing University), Chongqing 400044, China

Abstract:

In scenarios that require large-scale repetitive power flow calculations, such as N-1 safety checks and reliability calculations considering uncertainty, the data-driven method based on deep neural network (DNN) has the abnormal error problem of some power flow variables, which affects the accuracy of the over-limit judgment of the power flow. To this end, through the theoretical derivation, the update process of DNN parameters and the principle of data standardization are analyzed. It is found that one of the important causes of this problem is that the DNN only trains the model iteratively based on standardized errors, and does not take into account the true learning error of the power flow variables and the actual accuracy requirements of the project. And it is impossible to adjust the DNN parameters in time for the power flow variables with abnormal errors. Then, a DNN adaptive training method based on dynamic learning weights is proposed for power flow calculation. This method determines the learning weight of each power flow variable through the true learning error, over-limit misjudgment rate and error statistical indicators of the verification set in each iteration, which effectively reduces the abnormal error of the data-driven power flow calculation. Finally, simulations on IEEE standard examples and Polish 2383-node system verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Keywords:

Foundation:
This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52077016), Natural Science Foundation of Chongqing (No. cstc2020jcyj-msxmX0315) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2020CDJ-LHZZ-079).
引用本文
[1]雷江龙,余娟,向明旭,等.基于深度神经网络的数据驱动潮流计算异常误差改进策略[J].电力系统自动化,2022,46(1):76-84. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20210516003.
LEI Jianglong, YU Juan, XIANG Mingxu, et al. Improvement Strategy for Abnormal Error of Data-driven Power Flow Calculation Based on Deep Neural Network[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2022, 46(1):76-84. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20210516003.
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  • 收稿日期:2021-05-16
  • 最后修改日期:2021-09-03
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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-01-05
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